Approval of biogas and composting plants


by Veterynary Inspection



Approval of composting plants

Approval of the composting plants by the Veterinary Inspection (District Veterinary Officer)

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Each composting plant and biogas plant in which are used catering wastes ((kitchen wastes) coming from separate waste collection required to obtain approval in the form of an administrative decision by the District Veterinary Officer.

The obligation to approve a composting plant and biogas plant are results from ...

Catering waste is eligible under Article 10 lit. p to EC Regulation No. 1069/2009 as a Category 3 animal by-product product.

According to the definition contained in Annex I to Regulation No. 142/2011, catering waste means all waste food, including used cooking oil originating in restaurants, catering facilities and kitchens, including central kitchens and household kitchens.

During selective collection of biodegradable waste (the so-called brown container), catering waste is also collected from households and collective points of nutrition.

If catering waste or other animal by-products of category 2 and / or 3 are planned for processing in compost or biogas, composting or biogas plants  require to be approved by the Veterinary Inspection pursuant to Article 24 (1). 1 lit. g to EC Regulation No. 1069/2009.

Running business without approval involves severe financial penalties up to PLN 27,400 PLN according to § 3, 1 lit. b of the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of May 2, 2014 on the amount of fines for violations specified in the provisions on the protection of animal health and the control of infectious animal diseases regarding the handling of animal by-products and derived products.


Any entity that intends to use animal by-products in the process of composting (hereinafter referred to as ABP) is obliged to submit an application for approval of supervised activities to the territorially competent District Veterinary Officer 30 days before the start of this type of activity.

The obligation to approve a composting plant using ABP`s results from the provisions contained in Article 24 p. 1 lit. g of Regulation No. 1069 of 2009.

By start of operations should be understood as processing ABP`s category 2 and / or 3 eg catering waste from selective collection of biodegradable waste, manure, milk-based products or other materials of animal origin in composting process.

First, you must apply to the territorially competent District Veterinary Officer for approval of processing ABP`s into compost.

After submitting the application, a plant inspection is carried out to determine if the installation meets all formal and technical requirements (described in the regulations)
No. 1069/2009 and 142/2011) enabling the assignment of a veterinary number and approval of the activity.

A properly designed composting plant generally has the appropriate technical equipment, but it does not have developed and implemented HACCP procedures and a pest control program.

The requirement to develop and implement the HACCP system in a composting plant is based on Article 29 p. 1 lit. b of Regulation No. 1069 of 2009, quotation:

'Entities performing one of the following activities shall implement, implement and maintain in force a permanent written procedure or procedures based on a system of hazard analysis and a system of critical control points (HACCP) for: transformation of animal by-products into biogas and compost'

 According to art. 44 of Regulation No. 1069/2009,  District Veterinary Officer can make a conditional decision for a period of 3 months (up to a maximum of half a year) at which the entity has time to fully adapt the installation and to develop and implement appropriate procedures.

Why is it necessary to have and implement HACCP procedures for a composting plant processing animal by-products?

Without the developed and implemented HACCP system, the composting plant will not be fully approved by the District Veterinary Officer because not fullfill requirement in Art. 29 of Regulation No. 1069 of 2009.

What are the potential consequences of running a business in the field of composting kitchen waste without approval by the Veterinary Inspection?

  • After exceeding the maximum period (up to 6 months) for adjusting the composting plant to the requirements of regulations 1069/2009 and 142/2011, the District Veterinary Officer has the right to issue a decision prohibiting conducting activities in the field of composting of animal by-products with the rigor of immediate enforceability.
  • For violation of veterinary regulations (including conducting activities without approval, lack of implemented HACCP procedures, improper activities with ABP`s) District Veterinary Officer has the right to impose administrative fines amounting to several tens of thousands of zlotys.

(legal basis: ordinance of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of May 2, 2014 on the amount of fines for violations specified in the provisions on protection of animal health and combating infectious diseases of animals regarding handling of animal by-products and derived products).

  •  In addition, if it is determined that this type of activity causes a threat to human and animal health, the District Veterinary Officer is obliged to report suspected offenses to law enforcement agencies (Police / Public Prosecutor's Office).
  •   It is not possible to obtain permission from the Ministry of Agriculture to market compost as a product (soil improver) without prior approval of the composting activity by the Veterinary Inspection. This applies to the case when production of compost with the use of kitchen waste is declared (waste code 20 01 08).

What should you do?

It is best to outsource  task of conducting the approval procedure to a company specializing in the provision of such services.

BIO-INDUSTRY provides comprehensive services for the approval of biogas plants and composting processing by-products of animal origin by the Veterinary Inspection. We have implemented the HACCP system for several dozen plants using the composting and AD process. Our team consists of specialists who have many years of practical experience in the field of approving the biogas plant and composting activities by the Veterinary Inspection and management of plants with the implemented HACCP system, which use biotechnology processes to process animal by-products. Thanks to this synergy, we guarantee efficient and professional service as well as full support for the client at every stage of obtaining approval of supervised activities.

We kindly invite you to contact us directly and submit queries by contact tab.